CLUSTERS, EUROPEAN POLICY IN EXCELLENCE OF MANAGEMENT
Keywords:cluster, policy, quality, European Union, national legislation
The European Union (EU) plays an important role in the developing of clusters, defined by the European Commission as groups of specialized enterprises – often SMEs – and other related supporting actors that cooperate closely together in a particular location. As a result, the EU launched the pan-European initiative to support cluster management (European Cluster Excellence Initiative). It recognizes the performance of cluster management by quality labels such as the Bronze, Silver, and Gold issued by The European Secretariat of Cluster Analysis. With reference to these certifications, the authors analyzed the cluster management excellence by critically studying the labels granted in terms of trends, numbers, sectors, countries, and regions. Based on the gathered results, the clusters initiatives (new or already existed) can benchmark themselves. Regional, national, and European policymakers will be able to estimate how specific factors of political, geographical, demographic, access to raw materials, and level of development can influence the number of clusters, their quality of management, and cluster typology. The goal of the research is to identify the number and type (bronze, silver, and gold label) of clusters in the EU and UK. As research methods, analyzes were performed using the European Cluster Collaboration Platform (ECCP) and European Secretariat for Cluster Analysis (ESCA) data. The main results of the research show that clusters differ not only in size or activity but also in quality. Most clusters are found in the rich countries of Western Europe. Most clusters in Europe that have a bronze label are often located on the Iberian Peninsula, the Balkans, and Central Europe.
Arthurs, D., Cassidy, E., Davis, C. H., & Wolfe, D. (2009). Indicators to support innovation cluster policy. International Journal of Technology Management, 46(3-4), 263-279.
Coşniţă, D., & Iorgulescu, F. (2013). Analiza competitivităţii clusterelor din România.
Mihaela-Cornelia, Dan. (2012). Clusterele inovative: o soluţie pentru dezvoltarea economică a României. Economie teoretică şi aplicată Volumul XIX, (9), 574.
Ebbekink, M., & Lagendijk, A. (2013). What’s next in researching cluster policy: Place-based governance for effective cluster policy. European Planning Studies, 21(5), 735-753.
European Foundation for Cluster Excellence, Retrieved February, 28,2020, from http://www.clusterexcellence.org/
Gagnidze, I. (2015, October). Cluster as a tool for the challenges of development. In Strategica International Academic Conference, Third Edition ‘ Local versus Global’, Bucharest, Romania, October (pp. 29-31).
Gerolamo, M. C., Carpinetti, L. C. R., Seliger, G., & Galdamez, E. V. C. (2008). Performance management of regional clusters and SME cooperation networks. International Journal of Business Excellence, 1(4), 457-483.
Hatsch, S., & Kergel, H. (2013). Cluster management excellence in Germany. Berlin: European Secretariat for Cluster Analysis (ESCA).
Hospers, G. J. (2005). Best practices’and the dilemma of regional cluster policy in europe. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 96(4), 452-457.
Ketels, C., Lindqvist, G., & Sölvell, Ö. (2012). Strengthening clusters and competitiveness in Europe. The Role of Cluster Organisations. The Cluster Observatory, 56.
Lämmer-Gamp, T., Kergel, H., & Nerger, M. (2014). Cluster organisations in Europe–insights from Bronze and Gold Label assessments. Berlin: European Secretariat for Cluster Analysis.
Lämmer-Gamp, T., zu Kôcker, G. M., & Christensen, T. A. (2011). Clusters are individuals: Creating economic growth through cluster policies for cluster management excellence. Danish Ministry of Research, Innovation and Higher Education.
Markusen, A. (1996). Sticky places in slippery space: a typology of industrial districts. Economic geography, 72(3), 293-313.
Maticiuc, M. (2015).Innovation-an useful tool for cluster development. 1. Bogdan Oana, 26, 123.
Paytas, J., Gradeck, R., & Andrews, L. (2004). Universities and the development of industry clusters. Carnegie Mellon University, Center for Economic Development.
Pîslaru, D., & Aristide, O. (2005). Către o politică industrială bazată pe aglomerări economice competitive–clustere. Revista OEconomica, (03).
Porter, M. E. (1998). Clusters and the new economics of competition (Vol. 76, No. 6, pp. 77-90). Boston: Harvard Business Review.
Popa, I., & Popescu, D. (2013, November). The importance of innovative clusters’ proliferation for sustainable economic growth of Romania. In Proceedings of the 7th international management conference New Management for the New Economy.
Popescu, C. (2010). Industrial clusters and regional development in Romania. Human Geographies--Journal of Studies & Research in Human Geography, 4(2).
Prodan, M. (2015). Evoluţia concepţiei despre clusterele economice şi avantajele clusterizării. http://irek.ase.md/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/121/Prodan-M_8-mai-2015.pdf-12.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
României, G. (2014). Planul national de dezvoltare 2007-2013, http://old.fonduri-ue.ro/documente-programare/pnd-2007-2013
Simmie, J., & Hart, D. (1999). Innovation projects and local production networks: a case study of Hertfordshire. European Planning Studies, 7(4), 445-462.
Sadeghi Moghadam, M. R., Safari, H., & Yousefi, N. (2018). Clustering quality management models and methods: systematic literature review and text-mining analysis approach. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 1-24.
Staszewska, J. (2009). Klaster perspektywa̜ dla przedsie̜biorców na polskim rynku turystycznym. DEFIN.
Tanţău, A. D. (2011). Ghid de bună practică pentru clustere şi reţele de firme. Bucureşti: Print Grup, available at http://www. inmaita. ro/2_Ghid_buna_practica_pentru_clustere_si_retele_de_firme. pdf, retrieved on, 8, 2013.
The European Secretariat for Cluster Analysis (ESCA) (2020) Retrieved March, 15, 2020 from https://www.cluster-analysis.org/
Uyarra, E., & Ramlogan, R. (2012). The effects of cluster policy on innovation. Retrieved from https://www.nesta.org.uk/documents/159/the_effects_of_cluster_policy_on_innovation.pdf
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Florina Bardea, Felix H. Arion, Patryk Szabelski
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The author is the copyright holder. Distribution license: CC Attribution 4.0.