FLEXIBLE FORM OF EMPLOYMENT: PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT
Keywords:employment relationship, employment, flexible forms of employment, the labor market
The need for the study is justified by the development of flexible forms of employment in the economy with new job opportunities for the international division of labor. The paper analyzed new job opportunities and risks associated with flexible form of employment for the workers, employers and the state individually as well as in relation to each other. The study investigated the future prospects of flexible forms of employment along with its impact on the economic opportunities for the enterprises and workers and conclusion has been drawn. The impact of flexible employment was also investigated on the welfare of the population and the development of national economies in the context of globalization. Three forms of flexible employment: temporal flexibility, spatial flexibility and functional flexibility have been identified to achieve the research goal.
The prospects of flexible form of employment for the enterprise and employee were assessed based on the subjective approach. The rapid assessment and empirical analysis method were used to track the population dynamics and their interest in flexible forms of employment. The results show that the increase in the share of flexible employment in the economy is justified by the increased importance of creative labor in the labor market. Flexible workers represent a diverse population group in terms of the socio-economic structure. The active development of flexible forms of employment has been considered as a manifestation of the self-regulating economy and as a form of adaptation of the population to the changing socio-economic situation. The new agile business integration can reduce the costs of hiring a full-time employee and increases employees’ motivation level. The state needs to institutionalize new forms of employment in order to ensure the competitiveness of the national economy and to ensure budget revenues.
Barhatov V.I., Dyachenko O.V., Kapkaev Y.Sh., (2014). Creative work under cognitive capitalism conditions. CBU International Conference Proceedings (pp. 179-183) , Prague, Czech Republic: Central Bohemia University.
Barkhatov V., Pletnev, D., Kampa, A. (2016). Actual situation and future perspectives about smes's human capital in Russia and other countries. European journal of business and economics, 11(2),1-4.
Barkhatov, V., Kampa, A., Kapkaev, Y., & Bents, D. (2018). The state capitalism in Russia: new economic ideology. Varazdin Development and Entrepreneurship Agency, 512-517.
Benz, D., & Silova, E. (2017). Model of Region’s food security in Russia. Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics, 4, 217-229.
Breaugh, J. A., Frye, N. K. (2008). Work–Family Conflict: The Importance of Family-Friendly Employment Practices and Family-Supportive Supervisors. Journal of Business and Psychology, 22(4), 345-353.
Cranford C. J., Vosko L. F., Zukevich N. (2003). Precarious employment in the Canadian labor market: a statistical portrait. Just Labor, 3. Retrieved from: http://www.justlabour.yorku.ca/volume3/pdfs/cranfordetal.pdf
Dumas, T. L., Sanchez-Burks, J. (2015). The Professional, the Personal, and the Ideal Worker: Pressures and Objectives Shaping the Boundary between Life Domains. The Academy of Management Annals, 9(1), 803-843.
Haidt, J. (2006). The Happiness Hypothesis, London: Arrow book.
Hill, J. E., Jacob, J.I., Shannon, L.L., Brennan, R.T., Blanchard, V.L., Martinengo, G. (2008). Exploring the relationship of workplace flexibility, gender, and life stage to family-to-work conflict, and stress and burnout. Community, Work & Family, 11(2), 165-181.
International Labour Organization (2016). Non-standard employment around the world: Understanding challenges, shaping prospects - Overview, Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Organization. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@dgreports/@dcomm/@publ/documents/publication/wcms_534496.pdf
Kalleberg, Arne L. (2011). Good Jobs, Bad Jobs: The Rise of Polarized and Precarious Employment Systems in the United States, 1970s-2000s. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, American Sociological Association Rose Series in Sociology.
Rosstat (2020). Labor force, employment and unemployment in Russia [online]. Retrieved from: https://rosstat.gov.ru/storage/mediabank/2EfrJGVJ/Rab_sila_2020.pdf
Standing, G. (2014). A Precariat Charter: from denizens to citizens. London New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
Tangian, A. (2007). Analysis of the third European survey on working conditions withcomposite indicators. European Journal of Operational Research, 181(1), 468–499.
The World Bank (2018). Employment to population ratio. Statistical collection [online]. Retrieved from: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.EMP.MPYR.ZS
United Nations (2018). Global employment trends for youth. Statistical collection [online]. Retrieved from: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/theme/adolescents-youth/index.shtml
Van der Meer, P.H. and Ringdal, K. (2009). Flexibility practices, wages and productivity: evidence from Norway. Personnel Review, 38(5), 526-543.
Van Dyne, L., Kossek, E., Lobel, S. (2007). Less Need to Be There: Cross Level Effects of Work Practices that support Work-Life Flexibility and Enhance Group Processes and Group-Level OCB. Human Relations, 60(8), 1123-1153.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The author is the copyright holder. Distribution license: CC Attribution 4.0.