THE IMPACT OF LENDING TO NON-FINANCIAL CORPORATIONS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH
Keywords:lending, non-financial corporations, economic growth, inflation
Acceleration of economic growth, especially in modern conditions, requires the use of stimulating measures of fiscal and monetary policy. Measures to stimulate economic growth should also maintain macroeconomic stability. Many emerging markets and developing economies are pursuing high interest rate policies to curb inflation, but this leads to a reduction in lending to non-financial corporations and to economic growth rates decline. The goal of the study is to show that pursuing high interest rates policy is insufficient. We tested several hypotheses: first, we assume that an increase in lending to non-financial corporations stimulates economic growth. Our second hypothesis, in contrast, suggests that increasing interest rates on loans dampen economic growth. Third, we assume that inflation has no significant effect on economic growth. Forth, we consider that lending to non-financial corporations does not spur inflation. We empirically assess the data for 13 countries related to emerging markets during 2001–2020. The results of the research confirmed all the hypotheses. The monetary policy of maintaining high interest rates used by many developing countries leads to low lending to non-financial corporations and reduced economic growth. We propose several policy implications aimed at stimulating the lending to non-financial corporations and scarce inflation.
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