EU POLICY AGAINST FALSIFIED MEDICINES: OPTIONS FOR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT
Keywords:falsified medicine, policy, regulations, supply chain, track-and-trace
The globalization of trade and internet access significantly increased the health risks associated with falsified medicines. International organizations, pharmaceutical companies and national governments developed a wide variety of measures to combat their pervasive penetration into the legal supply chains. However, the lack of harmonization, broad acceptance and legally bound enforcement obstructed their endeavours. The unsatisfying outcomes resulted in enhanced supranational cooperation focused on strengthening the pharmaceutical regulatory frameworks and the improvement of patient protection.
In 2011 the European Union joined the global fight with the adoption of Directive 2011/62/EU that became known as the Falsified Medicine Directive. It is legally binding for Member States and amends the fundamental for the pharmaceutical sector Directive 2001/83/EC. The objective of the present paper is to verify if it represents a comprehensive tool for effective prevention of the access of falsified medicines in the European legal pharmaceutical supply chains. The results revealed that although it is rather detailed, there are areas that could be further developed and improved when compared to analogical policies and initiatives.
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