ACNE PREVALENCE, AWARENESS AND PERCEPTION AMONG YOUNG POPULATION

Authors

  • Gražina Šniepienė Klaipeda State University of Applied Sciences, Lithuania
  • Rita Jankauskienė Klaipeda State University of Applied Sciences, Lithuania

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12955/pmp.v1.106

Keywords:

acne, prevalence, perception, exogenous factors, prevention

Abstract

Background. Acne is a very common dermatological condition, very few studies have been done regarding the knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions about the various treatment modalities and causative factors (nutrition, medication, cosmetics, pollutants, psychological and lifestyle factors and etc.) of acne.

Methods. A quantitative written survey was performed. Survey sample – 451 young people 18-34 years old. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 26.0, calculated percentage frequencies, mean and standard deviation (SD), Pearson’s Chi Square test was used to detect statistically significant differences and correlation analysis was performed using the Spearman correlation.

Results. The study shows that acne affects 49.9% of the surveyed young people. The prevalence of acne depends on the type of skin, tendency to have skin imperfections and genetic factors. Awareness and perception of skin care, factors affecting the occurrence of acne, and treatments used do not depend on the age of respondents.

Conclusions. Young people lack professional knowledge of acne, skin care, and acne-provoking factors. They should take care of themselves, choose the right information from reliable sources and seek the help of specialists. Identifying the negative exogenous and endogenous factors and thus reducing their impact are mandatory for an adequate acne management.

Author Biographies

Gražina Šniepienė, Klaipeda State University of Applied Sciences, Lithuania

Klaipeda State University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, Physiotherapy and Beauty Therapy Department; Klaipeda University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing; Lithuania

Rita Jankauskienė, Klaipeda State University of Applied Sciences, Lithuania

Klaipeda State University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, Physiotherapy and Beauty Therapy Department; Klaipeda University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Technologies; Lithuania

References

Agamia, N.F., Abdallah, D.M., Sorour, O., Mourad, B., Younan, D.N. (2016). Skin expression of mammalian target of rapamycin and forkhead box transcription factor O1, and serum insulin-like growth factor-1 in patients with acne vulgaris and their relationship with diet. Br J Dermatol., 174, 1299–1307, https://doi:10.1111/bjd.14409

Al-Natour, H.S. (2017). Acne vulgaris: Perceptions and beliefs of Saudi adolescent males. Journal Family Community Medicine, 24 (1), 34–43, https://doi:10.4103/2230-8229.197180

Bettoli, V., Guerra-Tapia, A., Herane M.I., Piquero-Martín J. (2019). Challenges and Solutions in Oral Isotretinoin in Acne: Reflections on 35 Years of Experience. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, 12, 943–951, http://doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S234231

Castillo, D.E., Nanda, S., Keri, J.E. (2019). .Propionibacterium (Cutibacterium) acnes Bacteriophage Therapy in Acne: Current Evidence and Future Perspectives. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 9(1), 19–31, https://doi: 10.1007/s13555-018-0275-9

Connolly, D., Vu, H.L, Mariwalla, K., Saedi, N. (2017). Acne Scarring - pathogenesis, evaluation, and treatment options. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol.,10(9), 12–23 PMCID: PMC5749614

Dai, R., Hua, W., Chen, W., Xiong, L., Li, L. (2018). The effect of milk consumption on acne: a meta-analysis of observational studies. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol., 32, 2244–2253, https://doi: 10.1111/jdv.15204

Dreno, B., Bettoli, V., Araviiskaia, E., Sanchez Viera, M., Bouloc, A. (2018). The influence of exposome on acne. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 32, 812–819, https://doi: 10.1111/jdv.14820

Dreno, B., Martin, R., Moyal, D.,, Henley, J.B., Khammari, A., Seité, S. (2017). Skin microbiome and acne vulgaris: Staphylococcus, a new actor in acne. Exp Dermatol. 26(9), 798-803. https://DOI: 10.1111/exd.13296

El Darouti, M.A., Zeid, O.A., Abdel Halim, D.M., Hegazy, R.A., Kadry, D., Shehab, D.I., Abdelhaliem, H.S., Saleh, M.A. (2016). Salty and spicy food; are they involved in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris? A case controlled study. Journal of cosmetic dermatology, 15 (2) 145-149, https://doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12200

Gancevičienė, R., Lukavičiūtė, L., Navickas, P., Navickas, A., Grigaitienė, J., Zouboulis, Ch.C. (2018). Aknės įtaka emociniams sutrikimams. The impact of acne on emotional health. Sveikatos mokslai/ Health Sciences in Eastern Europe, 28 (3), 30-35, https://DOI: 10.5200/sm-hs.2018.036

Gebauer, K. (2017). Acne in adolescents. Australian Family Physician, 46(12), 892-895

Hulmani, M., Bullappa, A., Kakar, S., Kengnal, P. (2017). Knowledge, attitude and practice towards acne vulgaris among acne patients. Int J Res Dermatol., 3(1), 107-112. http://www.ijord.com

Ibrahim, A.H. (2018). Epidemiology Study of Cutibacterium (Propionibacterium) Acnes in Zakho City, Irag Kurdistan Region. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 454

Jakubczyk, K., Janda, K., Chwiłkowska, M., Wolska, J. (2015) State of knowledge and the prevalence of acne (Acne vulgaris) among young people in Szczecin. Pom J Life Sci., 61 (3), 303–309

Jović, A., Marinović, B., Kostović, K., Čeović, R., Basta-Juzbašić, A., Bukvić Mokos, Z. (2017). The Impact of Pyschological Stress on Acne. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat., 25(2), 1133-141

Karčiauskienė, J., Valiukevičienė, S., Stang, A., Gollnick, H. (2015). Beliefs, perceptions, and treatment modalities of acne among schoolchildren in Lithuania: A cross-sectional study. Internationa Journal for Dermatology, 54, 70–8, https://doi: 10.1111/ijd.12753

Kaushik, M., Gupta, S., Mahendra, A. (2017). Living with acne: Belief and perception in a sample of Indian youths. Indian J Dermatol., 62, 491–7, https://DOI:10.4103/ijd.IJD_100_16

Kim, K.Y., Jang H.H., Lee S.N., Kim, Y.-S.4 and An, S. (2018). Effects of the myrtle essential oil on the acne skin—clinical trials for Korean women. Biomedical Dermatology, 2, 28, https://doi.org/10.1186/s41702-018-0038-3

Lideikaitė, A., Malevič, A., Gancevičienė, R. (2018). Pacientų, sergančių akne, gyvenimo kokybės vertinimas. Evaluation of quality of life in patients with acne. Sveikatos mokslai/Health scences in Eastern Europe, 28 (1), 5-9, https://doi.org/10.5200/sm-hs.2018.001

Lee, Y.B., Byun, E.J., Kim, H.S. (2019). Potential Role of the Microbiome in Acne: A Comprehensive Review. J. Clin. Med., 8, 987, https://doi:10.3390/jcm8070987

Lynn, D.D., Umari, T., Dunnick, C.A., Dellavalle, R.P. (2016). The epidemiology of acne vulgaris in late adolescence. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, 7, 13–25, https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S55832

Machiwala, A. N., Kamath, G., Vaidya, T.P. (2019). Knowledge, Belief, and Perception among Youths with Acne Vulgaris. Indian Journal of Dermatology, 64(5), 389–391, https://DOI:10.4103/ijd.IJD_512_18

Malhi, H.K., Tu, J., Riley, T.V., Kumarasinghe, S.P., Hammer, K.A. (2017). Tea tree oil gel for mild to moderate acne; a 12 week uncontrolled, open-label phase II pilot study. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 58, 205–210, https://doi: 10.1111/ajd.12465

Mazzarello, V., Donadu, M.G., Ferrari, M., Piga, G., Usai, D., Zanetti, S., Sotgiu, M.A. (2018). Treatment of acne with a combination of propolis, tea tree oil, and Aloe vera compared to erythromycin cream: two double-blind investigations. Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications, 10, 175-181, https://doi: 10.2147/CPAA.S180474

Melnik, B.C. (2015). Linking diet to acne metabolomics, inflammation, and comedogenesis: an update. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol., 8, 371–388, https://doi: 10.2147/CCID.S69135

Nasri, H., Bahmani, M., Shahinfard, N., Nafchi, A.M., Saberianpour, S., Kopaei, M.R. (2015). Medicinal plants for the treatment of acne vulgaris: a review of recent evidences. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, 8 (11), 25580, https://doi.org/10.5812/jjm.25580

Prakapavičienė, J., Ravoit, E. (2016). Salicilo rūgšties veiksmingumo aknės pažeistai odai vertinimas. Effectiveness of salicylic acid of the skin, affected by acne. Slauga. Mokslas ir praktika,7(8) (235-236), 4-7.

Staudinger, T., Pipal, A., Redl, B. (2011). Molecular analysis of the prevalent microbiota of human male and female forehead skin compared to forearm skin and the influence of make-up. J Appl Microbiol., 110 (6), 1381-9, https://DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2672.2011.04991.x

Tan, J.K.L., Bhate, K. (2015). Global acne epidemiology. British Journal of Dermatology, 172 (Suppl. 1), 3–12, https://DOI 10.1111/bjd.13462

Vera, N., Patel, N., Cardwell, L.A., Saleem, M., Feldman, S.R. (2017). Chemical pharmacotherapy options for managing adult acne. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, 18 (3), 263-273, https://DOI: 10.1080/14656566.2017.1282460

Zawar, V.P., Madhuri Agarwal, M., Vasudevan, B. (2015). Treatment of Post inflammatory Pigmentation Due to Acne with Q-Switched Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet In 78 Indian Cases. J Cutan Aesthet Surg., 8(4), 222–226, https://DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.172196

Downloads

Published

2020-11-16

How to Cite

Šniepienė, G. ., & Jankauskienė, R. (2020). ACNE PREVALENCE, AWARENESS AND PERCEPTION AMONG YOUNG POPULATION. Proceedings of CBU in Medicine and Pharmacy, 1, 103-109. https://doi.org/10.12955/pmp.v1.106