RAPID MATERIALIZATION OF A SMALL SERIES OF BONE STRUCTURE REPLICATIONS FROM A DIGITALIZED MODEL, CREATED BY COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY
Keywords:replication, siliconе mold, spinal vertebrae, cage implant, operation planning
The recreation of bone structures from the human body has very complex geometry and a lack of symmetry. A small series of vertebrae replications, digitized by computed tomography, could serve in exercises for medical students to help them perform operational planning for inserting implant structures, cage type implants, or screws and rods implants. Additionally, these replications could be used in the planning of extraordinary clinical cases, for example complex vertebrae deformities. The replicated structure could be fulfilled in a 1:1 ratio or scaled. For the selection of an appropriate production technology a block diagram is followed which considers suitable technologies for the production of polymer parts, compared to the series size and the complexity of the geometry. Both criteria must be taken into account when considering which technology should be used in the production of polymer parts. Comparing the advantages and disadvantages of additive technologies and replication in silicone mold, the best choice for technology is set to be replication in silicone mold. The initial preparation for the manufacture of the silicone mold includes a detailed analysis of the geometry of the model for replication. The first step includes defining the runner place as well as mounting the runner to the model. To ensure the mold is completely filled while casting, positive-shaped vents in the mold are defined. Because of the complex shapes of the spinal vertebrae and the need to take out elements in many directions, the mold is divided into multiple parts. A block-diagram that summarizes the entire manufacturing cycle for replication in a silicone mold is developed.
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