PROFESSIONAL QULAITY OF LIFE AND BURN OUT AMONG PSYSIOTHERAPISTS IN LATAVIA

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12955/pss.v3.298

Keywords:

Burn out, Compassion fatigue, Secondary Traumatic Stress, Physiotherapy

Abstract

Background: In their daily practice, physiotherapists need to physically and emotionally interact with their patients; therefore, like any other helping professionals, are subject to emotional risks. The aim of this study is to explain the symptoms of compassion fatigue (CF) and professional burnout (BO) in Latvian physiotherapists and offer suggestions for the staff management.

Methods: To achieve the goal of the study, quantitative, non-experimental research was conducted using: the Professional Quality of Life Scale and the Maslach’s Burnout Scale. The present study measures the level of compassion satisfaction (CS), secondary traumatic stress (STS), and Burn Out (BO) syndrome. In addition, the BO was measured along with its three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP), and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment (PA). Convenience sampling was used in the study. The survey was conducted among 155 physiotherapists with an average age of 35.5 years and an average length of service of 9.5 years.

Results: The results of the study show that physiotherapists have moderate Compassion Fatigue (M=36,37±7,23), low Secondary Traumatic Stress (M=27,54±4,65), and moderate Burn Out (M=17,68±6,89) (only EE dimension had a high value (M=24,52±12,84), but moderate Depersonalisation P (M=7,3±6,06) and low Personal Accomplishment (M=38,92±6,49). Statistically significant correlations are found between all these phenomena. Furthermore, statistically significant differences in these phenomena among physiotherapists with different length of service are also confirmed.

Conclusions: The study demonstrates the association between CF, STS, and BO symptoms and their variability over a physiotherapist’s length of service. Under the influence of these emotional risks, 60% of respondents reported a lack of compassion satisfaction to continue working as a physiotherapist.

References

Adams, R.E., Figly, C.R., Boscarino, J.A. (May 2008). The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use With Social Workers Following Urban Disaster. Research on Social Work Practice, 18(3), 238-250. doi:10.1177/1049731507310190

Alhabri J., Jackson D., Usher K. (2020). Personal characteristics, coping strategies, and resilience impact on compassion fatigue in critical care nurses: A cross- sectional study. Nursing and Health Science, 22, 20-27. doi:10.1111/nhs.12650

Aronsson, G., Theorell T., Grape T., Hammarstroem A., Hogstedt C., Marteinsdottir I., Skoog I., Traeskman-Bendz L., Hall C. (2017). A systemic review including meta-analysis of work environment and burnout symptoms. BMC public health, 17(), 1-13. doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4153-7

Bainbrige A., Davidson K., Loranger L. (2017). Burnout Among Alberta Physiotherapists: A Withe Paper. (P. A.-C. Association, Hrsg.) Edmonton. Von https://www.physioterapyalberta.ca/files/guide_managing_challenging_situations.pdf abgerufen

Baqeas M.H., Davis J., Copnell B. (20. 88 2021). Compassion fatigue and compassion. BMC Palliative Care,20(1), 1-13 . doi:10.1186/s12904-021-00784-5

Bruschini M., Carli A., Burla F. (2018). Burnout and Work-related Stress in Italian Rehabilitation Professionals: A Comparison of Physiotherapists, Speech Therapists and Occupational Therapists. Journal Work, 59(1), 121-129. doi:10.3233/WOR-172657.

Cantu R., Laura Carter L., Elkins L. (2021). Burnout and intent-to-leave in physical therapists: a preliminary analysis of factors under organizational control. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 1-10. doi:10.1080/09593985.2021.1967540

Carmona Barrientos I., Gala León F.J., Lupiani Giméne M., Cruz Barrientos A., Lucena Anton D., Moral Munoz J.A. (2020). Occupational stress and burnout among physiotherapists: a cross sectional survey in Cadiz (Spain). Human Resources for Health , 1-10. doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12960 020 00537 0

Circenis K., Millere I., Deklava L. (2013). Measuring the Professional Quality of Life among Latvian Nurses. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84, 1625-1629. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.07.003

Dev V., Fernando III A.T., Kirby J.N., Condedine N.S. (2019). Variation in the barriers to compassion across healthcare training and disciplines: A cross-sectional study of doctors, nurses, and medical students. Interantional Journal of Nursing Studien, 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.09.015

Fernando, A.T., Consedine, N.S. (2014). Beyond Compassion Fatigue: The Transactional Model of Physician Compassion. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 289-298. doi:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2013.09.014

Goodwin M., Richards K. (2017). Best Practices in Healthcare Managment Begin With Self. Nursing Economics, 3, 152-155.

Han S., Shanafelt T.D., Sinsky C.A., Awad K.M., Dyrbye L.N., Fiscus L.C., Trockel M., Goh J. (170(11) 2019). Estimating the Attributable Cost of Physician Burnout in the United States. Annals of Internal Medicine, 170(11), 784-790. doi:10.7326/M18-1422

Jácome C., Seixas A., Serrã, C., Teixeira A., Castro L., Duarte, I. (2021). Burnout in Portuguese physiotherapists during COVID-19 pandemic. Physiotherapy research international : the journal for researchers and clinicians in physical therapy, e1915. doi:10.1002/pri.1915

Kane, L. (2019). Medscape National Physician Burnout, Depression & Suicide Report 2019. Medscape. Von https://www.medscape.com/slideshow/2019-lifestyle-burnout-depression-6011056 abgerufen

Kane, L. (2020). Medscape National Physician Burnout & Suicide Report 2020: The Generational Divide. Medscape. Von https://www.medscape.com/slideshow/2020-lifestyle-burnout-6012460 abgerufen

Knobloch Coetzee S., Klopper H.C. (2010). Compassion fatigue within nursing practice: A concept analysis. Nurs Health Sci. 2010; 12 (2)(12 (2)), 235-243. doi:10.1111/j.1442 2018.2010.00526

Luken M., Sammons A. (2016). Systemic Review of Mindfulness Practice for Redusing Job Burnout.. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 70 (2), 1-9. doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.016956

Maslach Ch., Leiter P. (2016). Understanding the burnout experience: recent researchand its implications for psychiatry. World Psychiatry, 103-111. doi: 10.1002/wps.20311

Maslach, C., Jackson, S.E., Leiter, M.P. (1997). Maslach Burnout Inventory. Von https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Christina_Maslach/publication/277816643_The_Maslach_Burnout_Inventory_Manual/links/5574dbd708aeb6d8c01946d7.pdf abgerufen

Melvin, C. (2015). Historical Review in Understanding Burnout, Proessional Compassion Fatigue, and Secondary Traumatic Stress Disorder From a Hospice and Palliative Nursing Perspective. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 17(1), 66-72. doi:10.1097/NJH.0000000000000126

Nolte A., Dowing Ch., Temane A., Hasting-Tolsma M. (2017). Compassion fatigue in nurses: A metasyntesis. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26, 4364-4378. doi:10.1111/jocn.13766

Pustulka-Piwik U., Ryn Z.J., Krzywoszanski L., Stozek J. (2014). Burnout syndrome in Physical Therapists - Demografic and Organizational Factors. Medycina Pracy, 65(4), 453-462. doi:10.13075/mp.5893.00038

Reyes, R. (2018). Burnout among Filipino Occupational Therapists: A Mixed Methods Analysis. The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy, 6(4), 1-13. doi:10.15453/2168-6408.1469

Rogan S., Verhavert Y., Zinzen E., Rey F., Scherer A., Luijckx E. (2019). Risk factor and symptoms of burnout inphysiotherapists in the canton of Bern. Archives of Physiotherapy, 1-5. doi:0.1186/s40945-019-0072-5

Ruiz-Fernández M.D., Ortega-Galán A.M., Fernández-Sola C., Hernández-Padilla J.M., Granero-Molina J., Ramos-Pichardo J.D. (2020). Occupational Factors Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life in Nursing Professionals: A Multi-Centre Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17(3), 982. doi:10.3390/ijerph17030982

Russell M., Brickell M. (2015). The “Double-Edge Sword” of Human Empathy: A Unifying. Social Sciences, 1087–1117. doi:10.3390/socsci4041087

Shanafelt T, Goh J, Sinsky C. (2017). The Business Case for Investing in Physician Well-being. JAMA Internal Medicine, 177(22), 1826–1832. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.4340

Sinclair S., Norris J.M., McConnell S.J., Chochinov H.M., Hack T.F., Hagen N.A., McClement S., Bouchal S.R. (2016). Compassion: a scoping review of the healthcare literature. Palliative Care, 15(1), 1-16. doi:10.1186/s12904-016-0080-0

Stamm, B. (2010). The Concise ProQOL Manual. (2). Von https://proqol.org/ProQOl_Test_Manuals.html abgerufen

Stirāne D., Leikuse D. (2012). Izdegšanas sindroms praktizējošiem fizioterapeitiem Latvijā. RSU Zinātniskie Raksti, 145-151.

Tabaj A., Pastirk S., Bitec Č., Masten R. (2015). Work-Related Stress, Burnout, Compassion, and Work Satisfactionn of Professional Workers in Vocational Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 58(2), 113-123. doi:10.1177/00345521437383

Tanaka K., Ikeuchi S., Teranishi K., Oe M., Morikawa Y., Konya C. (2019). Temperament and professional quality oh life among Japanese nurses. Nursing Open, 1-11. doi:10.1002/nop2.441

Upmale-Puķīte A., Gulbe Z. (2019). Pacientu līdzestība un to ietekmējošie faktori. In S. V. Mārtinsone K., Veselības psiholoģija. Teorijas un prakses starpdisciplinārā perspektīva. (S. 152-156). Rīga: RSU.

Walton, D. (2020). Physiotherapists’ Perspectives on the Threats Facing Their Profession in the Areas of Leadership, Burnout, and Branding: A Pan-Canadian Perspective from the Physio Moves Canada Project, Part 3. Physiotherapy Canada, 43–51. doi:10.3138/ptc-2018-0061

West C.P., Dyrbye L.N., Shanafelt T.D. (2018). Physician burnout: contributors, consequences andsolutions. Journal of Internal Medicine, 516-529. doi:10.1111/joim.12752

Zakeri M.A., Bazmandegan G., Genjeh H., Zakeri M., Mollaahmadi S., Anbariyan A., Kamiab Z. (2020). Is nurses' clinical competence assiociated with their compassion satisfaction, bournout and secondary traumatic stress? A cross-sectional study. Nursing Open, 354-363. doi:10.1002/nop2.636

Downloads

Published

2022-12-01

How to Cite

Barone, L. ., & Zakriževska-Belogrudova, M. . (2022). PROFESSIONAL QULAITY OF LIFE AND BURN OUT AMONG PSYSIOTHERAPISTS IN LATAVIA. Proceedings of CBU in Social Sciences, 3, 7-12. https://doi.org/10.12955/pss.v3.298
صندلی اداری سرور مجازی ایران Decentralized Exchange
فروشگاه اینترنتی صندلی اداری جوراب افزایش قد ژل افزایش قد