• Júlia Fričová Catholic university in Ružomberok, Slovakia
  • Katarína Kohútová Catholic university in Ružomberok, Slovakia
  • Lenka Štefáková Catholic university in Ružomberok, Slovakia




Burnout, Life meaning, Nurses, Social workers, Teachers


Background and objectives: Burnout syndrome is considered as a serious public health problem that affects workers especially in the helping professions. For the effective  prevention of this negative phenomenon, it is important to identify the preventive factors. One such factor to combat job burnout is the meaning of life. The primary goal of the paper is to examine the relationship between burnout syndrome and different dimensions of meaning of life among the selected helping professions (teaching, social work and nursing) in Slovakia.

Methods: The research sample consisted of 212 assistants who participated in the survey and answered to the research tools aimed at identifying the meaning of life and burnout syndrome. Data were analyzed by inductive statistics including (ANOVA), correlation and regression analysis.

Results: Statistically significant differences were found in the level of burnout syndrome and meaning of life in the professions under study. Furthermore, it was found that workers with higher level of affective component in their meaning of life experienced a lower degree of emotional exhaustion (β = -. 37, p <.001) and higher personal performance (β = .35, p <.001). Workers who have a higher meaning in life in the affective and motivational component suffered from a lower degree of depersonalization (β = -. 49, p <.001; (β = .13, p <.05).

Conclusions: A higher degree of meaning in life result in lower rate of burnout syndrome, and this finding should be integrated into the intervention strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of burnout syndrome. Regular reflections on the meaningfulness of work and life can be useful for the workers, especially during demanding and stressful periods. An existential approach seems to be very appropriate in this context.

Author Biographies

Júlia Fričová, Catholic university in Ružomberok, Slovakia

Catholic university in Ružomberok, Faculty of Eucation, Department of Social Work

Katarína Kohútová, Catholic university in Ružomberok, Slovakia

Catholic university in Ružomberok, Faculty of Education, Department of Social Work

Lenka Štefáková, Catholic university in Ružomberok, Slovakia

Catholic university in Ružomberok, Faculty of Education, Department of Social Work


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How to Cite

Fričová, J. ., Kohútová, K. ., & Štefáková, L. . (2020). BURNOUT SYNDROME IN RELATION TO THE SENSITIVITY OF NURSES, TEACHERS AND SOCIAL WORKERS. Proceedings of CBU in Social Sciences, 1, 44-52. https://doi.org/10.12955/pss.v1.45