THE COMPARISON OF PIRLS, TIMSS, AND PISA EDUCATIONAL RESULTS IN MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
Keywords:PIRLS, TIMSS, PISA, reading literacy, mathematical literacy, scientific literacy, education, international comparison, educational results, pupil
The PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study), TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study), and PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) have become gold standards for the international comparison of children’s performances, when aged 10 and 15 years.
This paper focuses on secondary analysis of basic statistical indicators on reading literacy (PIRLS), as well as the mathematics and scientific literacy (TIMSS) of pupils at 10 years of age, followed by their reading, mathematics and scientific literacy at 15 years of age (PISA). It compares the pupils’ main educational results in PIRLS and TIMSS with their PSA results. PIRLS, TIMSS, and PISA help to identify key problems within pupils’ educational levels in these selected literacies and create effective educational policy measures.
One aspect of the comparison within the research paper is the aggregate indicator; this is the arithmetic mean of PIRLS and TIMSS results, using pupils’ PIRLS results from 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016, and TIMSS results from 2007, 2011 and 2015. The other aspect of the comparison is the aggregate indicator; which is the arithmetic mean of pupils’ PISA results for 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015. A significant relationship was found to exist between the arithmetic mean of pupils’ PIRLS, TIMSS, and PISA results.
Political and professional policy decisions within schooling affect the early years of pupils’ school attendance. This has a significant impact on their future education at all levels of schooling. The findings of this paper support a hypothesis regarding the effects of pupils’ educational performance and the need for measures to improve education in schools that should be adopted on an ongoing basis.
Plavčan, P. (2018). PISA. Cesta ku kvalite [PISA. The road to quality]. Brno: MSD. ISBN 978-80-7392-0
Plavčan, P. (2019). The comparison of PISA educational results with gross domestic product in member states of European Union. Prague: International Conference on Innovations and Science education, March 20-22, 2019. Journal Contact. Print ISSN 1805-997X, Online ISSN 1805-9961
Plavčan, P. (2019). PIRLS-TIMSS-PISA. Vzdelávanie a kvalita [PIRLS-TIMSS-PISA. Education and quality]. Brno: MSD. ISBN 978-807392-331-0
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The author is the copyright holder. Distribution license: CC Attribution 4.0.