• Tatiana Verešová University of Žilina, Slovakia
  • Jozef Svetlík University of Žilina, Slovakia



rescue, evacuation pad, obese person


Obesity is not only a medical illness but also a cosmetic problem. Obesity can be defined by the BMI index, which is not very accurate. The ABSI index, which includes BMI, the person’s waist circumference, and their height may be used to more accurately determine obesity. Time is very important in saving people's lives, especially in emergencies. The rescue time for obese people is even longer — often much longer — than for other disabled people. This is because more rescuers are needed, problems arise when they have to go through the door or go up and down stairs. For the evacuation of obese people, evacuation pads located under the mattress are often used. Evacuation pads are used, for example, by hospitals or social service homes. Evacuation pads are designed for use by nurses, other emergency staff, or caretakers. In this exercise, four people were used – two nurses and two firemen. To find out the advantages and disadvantages of the evacuation pad, we performed a tactical exercise.

During the tactical exercise, the victim was evacuated by a single nurse, then by two nurses. After that, the victim was rescued by one firefighter and then two firefighters. This research is relevant to aspects of the rescue of immobile obese people with a special evacuation aid. It demonstrates the advantages and disadvantages of an evacuation pad based on actual tactical rescue exercises.

Author Biography

Tatiana Verešová, University of Žilina, Slovakia

University of Žilina, Faculty of Safety Engineering, Department of Fire Engineering


BMI - body mass index. (2019, May 3). Retrieved from

Glatz, J. (2019). Obezita ako rizikový faktor zamestnancov. [Obesity as a risk factor for employees.] (page7). Košice: Technical University of Košice.

Janssen I., Heymsfield S., Allison D., Kotler D., Ross R. (2002). Body mass index and waist circumference independently contribute to the prediction of nonabdominal, abdominal subcutaneous, and visceral fat. Am J ClinNutr 2002;75:683–8.

Konárik, M. (2019 February 14). Personal Interview.

Lohman T. (1988). Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual. Human Kinetics.

Nariadenie vlády číslo 281/2006 o minimálnych bezpečnostných a zdravotných požiadavkách pri ručnej manipulácii s bremnami [Government Regulation No. 281/2006 Coll. Of the Slovak Republic about the minimum safety and health requirements for the manual handling of loads (2006).]

Verbovská, J., Karaš, J., Kaššay, K., Požonská, M., Miženková, Ľ. (2019, August 10). Transport obéznych pacientov. [Transport of obese patients.] Retrieved from




How to Cite

Verešová, T. ., & Svetlík, J. . (2020). TRANSPORTING OBESE PERSONS USING AN EVACUATION PAD. Proceedings of CBU in Social Sciences, 1, 267-271.
صندلی اداری سرور مجازی ایران Decentralized Exchange
فروشگاه اینترنتی صندلی اداری جوراب افزایش قد ژل افزایش قد